Prop 2: California enacts changes to state rainy day fund
LOS ANGELES (AP) – California will overhaul its rainy day fund to pay down more debt and provide a bigger buffer against future state budget shortfalls under a measure resoundingly approved by voters Tuesday.
With 39 percent of precincts reporting, Proposition 2 was leading 70 percent to 30 percent.
The measure was the result of years of negotiations to address California’s volatile budgeting, which typically means high spending during boom years and large deficits during recessions.
Gov. Jerry Brown said its passage sends the following message: “Save money, create a reserve and don’t spend it all now.'”
Voters first approved a rainy day fund in 2004, before the recession devastated the state budget and diverted annual payments that were supposed to go into the reserve.
Former Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger and lawmakers negotiated an overhaul during the 2010 budget crisis, but Brown criticized that proposal as too inflexible.
Brown, a Democrat, compromised with legislators of both political parties in May to put Tuesday’s revised measure before voters.
It will require the state to save 1.5 percent of its annual revenue, half the current requirement. The reserve could grow to as much as 10 percent of the state’s general fund, double its current maximum.
Additional money would come from spikes in capital gains tax revenue generated by real estate and investment sales. The measure also would discourage the state from spending one-time windfalls on continuing programs.
It also would devote half of state reserves over the next 15 years to help pay down more than $150 billion in state debts, most of it for public employee pension obligations and retiree health care costs.
The measure would also create a new reserve fund for K-12 education and community colleges. However, Democratic lawmakers subsequently imposed limits on how much school districts could keep in reserves if Proposition 2 passed. As a result, the California Budget Project projected the state would rarely set aside school-specific reserves.
A parents group called Educate Our State was the only formal opposition to Proposition 2, complaining it could force teacher layoffs and larger class sizes during future recessions.
“Thank you to those who voted no for giving kids a voice,” opposition spokeswoman Katherine Welch said in a telephone interview after the vote, lamenting that, “they just keep taking money from schools.”
Brown devoted much of his re-election campaign to championing both Proposition 2 and Proposition 1. The latter, which also passed Tuesday, authorizes $7.5 billion for water projects. Like Proposition 2, it was placed on the ballot by the Legislature with the governor’s approval.
Allan Zaremberg, president of the California Chamber of Commerce, said that much like the inevitability of death and taxes, “in California we can talk about droughts and economic downturns.”
“We get shortages of water and shortages of government revenues for necessary programs,” Zaremberg told The Associated Press in a phone interview.
Twelve other states have reserve funds that tie contributions to volatility in revenue, according to Pew Charitable Trusts.
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